By The Numbers:
26,500 species are threatened with extinction.
Almost 60% of the world’s 504 primate species are threatened with extinction.
1 in 8 bird species is threatened with global extinction.
Over 20,000 elephants are poached every year; more than 100 elephants are killed every day for their tusks.
40% of all lizard species will be extinct by 2080.
One in five of the world’s plant species is threatened with extinction; however 1,700 new species were discovered in 2016.
The U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) mandates that state and federal entities protect all species threatened with extinction that fall within the borders of the mainland and its outlying territories. The Act is administered by the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Fish and Wildlife Service.
The ESA prohibits unauthorized harvest, custody, trade, and transport of endangered plants, animals, and other at-risk organisms and allows for the application of civil and criminal penalties. Currently there are 1,300 species listed as either endangered or threatened under the ESA.
Read more about how a species gets the Endangered or Threatened designation here.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) provides a list of endangered species by state; click for the list of species "believed to or known to occur" for Missouri and Kansas.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species has become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The group's Red List, established in 1964, classifies species into nine categories according to their risk of extinction:
The IUCN has assessed 96,500 species for inclusion in the Red List; their goal is 160,000 species by 2020.
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