Code of Federal Regulations, Title 33 - Navigation and Navigable Waters.
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) annual edition
is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register (FR) by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. All titles are updated annually; Title 33 is revised as of July 1.The electronic version eCFR
is updated daily.
Clean Water Act (2018 version)
The purpose of the Clean Water Act (CWA) is to prevent, reduce, and eliminate pollution in the nation's water in order to "restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters". Originally called the Federal Water Pollution Control Act
(1948), the Act was expanded in 1972, when it acquired its current name.
Safe Drinking Water Act (1974)
The Act (updated in 1996
), was issued "to assure that the public is provided with safe drinking water, and for other purposes." The Environmental Protection Agency mandates activities that protect drinking water and its sources (rivers, lakes, reservoirs, springs, ground water wells). The EPA also establishes national regulations for contaminant levels that may cause adverse public health effects.
Federal Reserved Water Rights and State Law Claims (U.S. Department of Justice)
Reserved water rights allows the federal government to retain sufficient water to carry out the purposes of federal land reservations. This includes military bases, forests, monuments and Native American reservations. Although first articulated by the Supreme Court in 1908, these rights have been and are seen as a threat to established rights holders.
Related information on other federal water regulations: